Performance of Abelmoschus esculentus (L Moench) as Influenced By Different Organic Manure Amendments in Yewa Enclave of Ogun State, Nigeria
*1Senjobi, B. A.; 2Ande, O. T.and 3Akindolie, M. S.
1University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, P.M.B. 2240, Abeokuta, Ogun State
2 Regional Centre for Training in Aerospace Survey (RECTAS), Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State’3Olabisi Onabanjo University, P.M.B. 2002, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State
*Corresponding Author’s Email: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted on April 23, 2012
An open field pot experiment was conducted in Yewa North Local Government Area, Ogun State to evaluate the effect of soil amended with three types of organic manures: sheep and goat manure (SGM), poultry manure (PM), plant manure (PLM) and NPK on the performance of Abelmoschus esculentus. Three levels of organic manure and inorganic fertilizer viz: 0; 200 g and 400 g / 10 kg of soil were applied respectively. The experiment was conducted for a period of 8 weeks. The experimental design used is 4 x 3 factorial experiments in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) replicated five times. Pre-treated seeds were planted and routine cultural were maintained. Agronomic data collected on days after planting were plant height, number of leaves, stem girth, leaf length, leaf width, number of fruits, fruit length, fruit width, fresh and dry weight of fruits. Data collected were subjected to the analysis of variance (ANOVA) and means were separated using Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at p<0.05. Results obtained indicate that there was significant difference between the soil amendments and leaf length amidst other morphological components. Also, there was a significant difference between the treatments and the yield components. PM gave the best significant value for the number of fruits, fruit length and leaf length, SGM gave the highest value for the fruit width while for other yield components PLM gave the highest value. PM gave the best performance on the fruit production while PLM gave the best for most of the other significant parameters. It is recommended that poultry manure at the rate of 200 mg/ha should be used as a source of fertilizer if Okra fruit is envisaged. For the production of okra with respect to the mineral content and morphology component, plant manure (Cnidoscolus aconitifolius) at the rate of 400 mg/ ha is recommended.